Oświęcim (Auschwitz)

 

Tourists who come to Oświęcim usually first head for the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum, located within the area of the former Nazi death camp, which existed from 1940 to 1945. The names Auschwitz and Birkenau were German names for Oświęcim and Brzezinka used during the World War II.

Initially, the Nazi imprisoned in the camp political prisoners and members of the resistance movement, mainly Poles. Later, it became the extermination camp for all Jews, as well as the Roma people, Russians and prisoners of many other nationalities, who were transported there from all over Europe.

It is difficult to list all atrocities committed by the Nazis in the camp. It is equally difficult to accurately determine the number of victims who lost their lives there – many of them did not even live to receive the status of prisoners because they were murdered immediately after arrival. It is estimated that during the functioning of the camp at least 1.5 million people lost their lives there.

For more detailed information please go to the website of the Auschwitz-Birkenau.

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