Wieliczka Salt Mine

 

The "Wieliczka" Salt Mine - located in the village that bears the same name dates back to the beginning of the thirteenth century, when salt deposits began to be mined in the area. Before that, surface brine was used.

Together with the neighbouring Bochnia, Wieliczka became a place where salt mining was done -on an industrial scale for hundreds of years. The mine itself has 9 levels, the shallowest of which has a depth of 64 metres and the deepest reaches as deep as 327 metres. The total length of the mine pavements exceeds 300 km.

Thanks to the unique microclimate (temperature in the mine fluctuating around 10 degrees Celsius, high amount of potassium, magnesium and calcium in the air) in the Wessel Chamber, 135 metres underground, rehabilitation classes for people with respiratory disorders are held.

The Salt Mine Museum and the Salt Mine Tourist Route are unique tourist attractions. The exploitation of salt deposits was carried out until 1996 and in 1978 the Wieliczka Salt Mine was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The most popular areas of the mine among tourists include: the Chapel of Saint Kinga (the world's largest underground temple), the Chamber of Nicolaus Copernicus (who once visited the Wieliczka Salt Mine), the Baroque Chapel of St. Anthony, the Janowice Chamber, the Pieskowa Skała Chamber or the Chamber of Casimir the Great (Komora Kazimierza Wielkiego).

Saturday, 25th November 2017
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